понедельник, 17 марта 2014 г.

Group-Government Linkages TEST

Before taking the test read chapter 7 on Interest Groups from “The Challenge of Democracy”

  1. 6: Lobbyists are paid their salary by
    1. Their Constituents
    2. Interest Groups
    3. Members of Congress
    4. Government agencies


  1. 6: Protectionism refers to
    1. the movement to create a series of protective tariffs in the U.S.
    2. the notion that women must be sheltered from life's harsh realities
    3. the idea that the Constitution should protect all citizens equally
    4. the concept that affirmative action exists to protect minorities


  1. 6: The idea that each person is guaranteed the same chance to succeed in life is
    1. freedom of opportunity
    2. freedom of outcome
    3. equality of opportunity
    4. equality of outcome


  1. 6: What is the Free-Rider Problem?
    1. A situation where people who don't contribute to an organization or activity can still benefit from the organization or activity
    2. A situation where an amendment which the majority of Congress opposes is placed on a bill the majority of Congress favors
    3. Low voter turn out
    4. How much freedom should citizens give up for order?


  1. 6: All of the following are part of tactics lobbyist use to influence the government except for:
    1. Personal contact with the policymakers.
    2. letter-writing campaigns and protests pushing an interest group's rank-and-file members.
    3. Providing the legislators with financial assistance to influence their vote.
    4. banding several organizations together in coalition building.


  1. 6: Grassroots lobbying does NOT include which of the following
    1. letter-writing campaigns
    2. periodic lunches with policy makers
    3. boycotts
    4. public demonstration


  1. 6: An example of direct lobbying is:
    1. meeting with a policy maker to deal with an issue
    2. staging a letter writing campaign
    3. funding a Television campaign to inform the public of your agenda
    4. protesting a bill directly in front of the Capitol


  1. 6: Interest groups can be characterized by all of the following except:
    1. people in a particular interest group share political goals
    2. interest groups influence public policy decisions
    3. interest groups nominate candidates
    4. the strength of an interest group depends largely on its resources


  1. 6: The roles of lobbying groups include all the following except:
    1. representing political interests
    2. nominating candidates
    3. endorsing candidates
    4. forming political action committees


  1. 6: PACs (political action committees) generally give more money to the political campaigns of
    1. incumbents.
    2. challengers.
    3. Incumbents and challengers are usually given the same amount of money.
    4. the candidate that best represents the ideals of the PAC.


  1. 6: The most common method of grassroots lobbying is
    1. protests
    2. letter writing campaigns
    3. direct lobbying
    4. legal advocacy


  1. 6: Which of the following is NOT a function of interest groups?
    1. political agenda building
    2. testifying in Congressional hearings
    3. introducing legislation to Congress
    4. monitoring government programs


  1. 6: Which of the following does NOT support the majoritarian model of democracy?
    1. a referendum
    2. an amicus curiae brief
    3. a centralized government system
    4. an initiative


  1. 6: In what way are interest groups and political parties similar?
    1. They both influence policy decisions.
    2. They both back candidates for the sake of winning an election.
    3. They both have a narrow policy focus.
    4. They both nominate candidates.


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